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Qué son las contracciones en inglés

Cuando usar apostrofe en inglés

Por

Las contracciones son dos palabras en inglés que se pueden escribir juntas, unidas por un apóstrofe ('). La unión de dos palabras por medio del apóstrofe no existe en español.

El uso de las contracciones es muy común en el inglés, incluso hay algunas palabras que rara vez se ven escritas separadas (por ejemplo, don't o let's). Se usan en el lenguaje informal y coloquial, por eso normalmente la gente habla usando las contracciones pero escriben las palabras por separado para dar formalidad a su texto.

Uno de los verbos que se pueden contraer es precisamente el verbo to be, precedido por un pronombre. Hay tres posibles contracciones: am se convierte en ‘m, is en ‘s y are en ‘re.

Hay un ejemplo en la introducción al inglés en el que aparece una contracción:


I’m blonde. ---> (Yo soy rubia.)


LAS PALABRAS QUE SE PUEDEN CONTRAER

1) Contracciones de pronombres + verbo

PRONOMBRE + BE

(presente simple) I am - I'm (yo soy/ estoy)

 You are - You're (tú eres/ estás)

 He is - He's (él es/ está)

 She is - She's (ella es/ está)

 It is - It's (eso es/ está)

 We are - We're (nosotros somos/ estamos)

 You are - You're (ustedes son/ están)

 They are - They're (ellos son/ están)

PRONOMBRE + WILL
I will - I'll (yo haré/ seré)
you will - you'll (tu harás/ serás)
he will - he'll (él harás/ serás)
she will - she'll (ella harás/ serás)
it will - it'll (eso harás/ serás)
we will - we'll (nosotros harás/ serás)
you will - you'll (ustedes harás/ serás)
they will - they'll (ellos harás/ serás)

PRONOMBRE + HAVE
I have - I've (yo he)
you have - you've (tú has)
he have - he's (él ha)
she have - she's (ella ha)
it have - it's (eso ha)
we have - we've (nosotros hemos)
you have - you've (ustedes han)
they have - they've (ellos han)

PRONOMBRE + WOULD

I would - I'd
you would - you'd
he would - he'd
she would - she'd
it would - it'd
we would - we'd
you would - you'd
they would - they'd



2) Otras contracciones

are + not ---> aren't
can + not ---> can't
could + have ---> could've
could + not ---> couldn't
did + not ---> didn't
does + not ---> doesn't
do + not ---> don't
had + not ---> hadn't
has + not ---> hasn't
have + not ---> haven't
how + is ---> how's
is + not ---> isn't
it + had ---> it'd
it + would ---> it'd
it + will ---> it'll
it + is ---> it's
it + has ---> it's
let + us ---> let's
might + have ---> might've
might + not ---> mightn't
must + have ---> must've
must + not ---> mustn't
need + not ---> needn't
of the clock ---> o'clock (la hora en inglés)
shall not ---> shan't
should + have ---> should've
should + not ---> shouldn't
that + would ---> that'd
that + had ---> that'd
there + has ---> there's
there + is ---> there's
was + not ---> wasn't
were + not ---> weren't
what + will ---> what'll
what + shall ---> what'll
what + are ---> what're
what + is ---> what's
what + has ---> what's
what + have ---> what've
when + has ---> when's
when + is ---> when's
when + have ---> when've
where + did ---> where'd
where + is ---> where's
where + have ---> where've
who + will ---> who'll
who + shall ---> who'll
who + is ---> who's
who + has ---> who's
who + have ---> who've
why + is ---> why's
why + has ---> why's
why + have ---> why've
will + have ---> will've
will + not ---> won't
would + have ---> would've
would + not ---> wouldn't
you + had ---> you'd
you + would ---> you'd
you + will ---> you'll
you + shall ---> you'll
you + are ---> you're
you + have ---> you've

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